Evpatoria, Crimea. Rest and treatment in Evpatoria  
sanatoria in Evpatoria
' Of 40 letija October '
' Of I.A.Nagovitsyna '
' Of the Rose Luxembourg '
sanatorium ' Radiant '
sanatorium ' October '
sanatorium ' Oren-Krym '
sanatorium ' May Day '
sanatorium ' the Victory '
sanatorium ' the Surf '
sanatorium ' Primorski Krai '
sanatorium ' Solar '
sanatorium ' Taurida '
sanatorium ' Tavrija '
sanatorium ' the Drummer '
sanatorium ' Anniversary '
a complex ' Prometej '
boarding houses in Evpatoria
boarding house ' Diamond '
boarding house ' the Wave '
' Of J.A.Gagarin '
boarding house ' Space '
boarding house ' Radiant '
boarding house ' the Highway '
boarding house ' Merkury '
boarding house ' Orbita-1 '
boarding house ' the Planet '
boarding house ' Rodnichok '
boarding house ' Russia '
boarding house ' Northern '
boarding house ' Gold Coast '
boarding house ' the Youth '
private boarding house ' Lux '
dets. Sanatoria of Evpatoria
sanatorium ' the Eaglet '
sanatorium ' Brigantina '
sanatorium ' Of V.I.Lenin '
' Of N.K.Krupskoj '
' Of T.G. of Shevchenko '
children's sanatorium ' the Spark '
children's sanatorium ' the Native land '
sanatorium ' Smaragdovyj '
children's sanatorium ' Change '
children's sanatorium ' the Seagull '
sanatorium ' Prometej '
sanatorium ' the Victory '
nurseries of camp of Evpatoria
camp ' Scarlet sails '
children's camp ' the Pearl '
children's camp ' Merkury '
camp ' Gold coast '
children's sanatorium ' Crimea '
the children's centre ' the Beacon '
camp ' the Pioneer '
sanatorium camp ' Friendship '
rest in Evpatoria
From history of Evpatoria
Resort factors
the Nature and reserves
Seasons and public
Transport, habitation, a food
Evpatoria, Zaozernoe, etc.
Novofedorovka, Frunze
Peace Popovka Storm
Saki and Saksky pour
Safety and hygiene
Beaches and parks. A naturism
Bars, restaurants, cafe
the Calendar of holidays
Space opened from Crimea
Entertainments and a night life
the Markets, shops, fruit
Republic Kazantip
Driving on impassability
Adventure tourism
Olympic bases and fitness
Extreme culture
Bank services, money
Communication, communications, mass-media
Councils to autotourists
other offers

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Currency, weather of Evpatoria


the Short sketch of historical events

Evpatoria is one of the most ancient cities of Europe. Its formation and fast blossoming it is connected with boundary position between a flat steppe zone, on which wave behind a wave prokatyvalis aggressive nomads, and the Foothills zone which population was primordial. In process of approach of new nomad tribes the rests of the former have been compelled to leave in valleys of Foothills and to be made laugh with indigenous population.

The Area of Evpatoria differs from other places of Northern Black Sea Coast also long tectonic stability – the sea level in relation to coast did not change here throughout 3 thousand years. The major factor for all Northern Black Sea Coast was that the predecessor of Evpatoria the antique colony of Kerkenitida developed as a place connecting at least three powerful original civilisations: radical culture of Tauris, related all ancient prichernomorskim to the people of the Balkans and caucasus, nomadic culture kimmerijtsev both Scythians and culture of Ancient Greek colonists. Presence here curative lakes, obviously, has affected that at all times soldiers of different tribes here were treated for wounds, and then the countries.

IX - VIII centuries BC - tribes of mountain-wood Crimea become known to a classical antiquity under a collective name "=ртЁ№". South careful Tauris are mentioned by 50 antique authors as the pirates, sacrificing seafarers to the goddess to the Maiden.

VII centuries - in Steppe and then and in Foothill to Crimea appear BC aggressive nomads Scythians. The name "Scythians" is collective, the general for all tribes of the big military-breeding union. It has entered into a modern science from the Greek sources. The Persian sources of same time name same tribes a word "saki". However the name of the city-resort of Saki is given only in 18 century at Catherine the Great adoring the names of times of antiquity.

513 year BC - an unsuccessful campaign of Persian tsar Darija (before invincible) on Scythians.

VI -V centuries BC - the basis of the first drevne-Greek colonies at coast (Kerkenitidy and its city-companion on cape the Seagull, Chersonese, Panticapaeum and others). Swimming to coast Skifii "ю=чр шё=юЁшш" Gerodota. Curative properties of a dirt and rapy (hydrochloric solutions) lakes at Evpatoria and Sak become known to antique doctors and are mentioned in their treatises.

IV - III centuries BC - lowering under water of shelf territories in the Northwest of Black sea, formation of sea of Azov, formation of the Crimean peninsula. Occurrence at new coast of a chain of the drevne-Greek colonies and Scythian strengthenings. Formation of Small Skifii with capital in Naples-Scythian. In Saksky area the set of settlements of Scythians is revealed. Is better to learn about it in the centre of archeology the Penalty-tobe jugo-to the east the cities of Sak, near to highway to Evpatoria.

I centuries BC - wars of Mitridata of VI Evpatora against Roman empire. These wars have come to the end the basis of the city of Evpatory. About its site it is a lot of disputes. It is known that it was «on that party» from Chersonese Taurian, on a place of present Sevastopol. Most likely it is a question of a part of a land near to present settlement Kacha. Here under water there is an extensive landslip, and the coast constantly collapses and now. So the name Evpatoria should not be connected with a real site of a fortress of Evpatory. It only the beautiful name which was pleasant to Catherine the Great.

the end III century AD - fortresses of Scythians take storm goty, formation goto-alanskogo the breeding union, Christianity distribution.

the end of IV century AD - almost all settlements of Crimea are plundered and burnt gunnami.

1061 - intrusion polovtsev.

1223 - the first attack of Mongols.

1239 - a campaign of Mongolian khan Batyja, and in 1242 - formation Crimean ulusa the Gold horde with capital in Solhate (Old Crimea).

1420 - 1466 - the founder of a dynasty of the Crimean khans the Hadzhi-devlet-weight creates the independent state ( 1443 ) with capital in Bakhchisarai, encourages population transition to settled way of life, development of gardening and crafts, building of temples and Islam and Christianity monasteries. A military alliance with the Polsko-Lithuanian state.

Kerkenitida becomes Gezlevom, the major port of the Crimean khanate. Here there is a rate of Nureddina, one of princes of a dynasty Gireev, the third person on value in khanate. Nureddin supervises judicial authority, and also is responsible for army gathering in the western part of khanate.

1467 - 1515 - with the Mengli-weight I in a military alliance with the Moscow kingdom are expanded with influence on the north and the east from Crimea.

1475 - Osmansky Turkey grasps the Genoa fortresses on coast of Crimea and a princedom of Feodoro in Southwest to Crimea; the Crimean khanate becomes dependent on Turkey, Gezlev becomes the centre of a slave-trade largest in Europe. It copes in common nureddinom the Crimean khanate and the pasha (the military commandant) Turkish garrison Ottomansky Ports. In a city the most beautiful mosque of Dzhuma-dzhami where the Crimean khans again selected on a throne take the oath to the Crimean aristocrats and representatives of the Turkish sultan is under construction.

XV - a XVIII-th century - military attacks of the Crimean khanate to Moscow and Zaporozhye Sech, collection of a tribute from Russian kingdom (till 1713); attacks of Cossacks on Gezlev and other Turkish fortresses, and also settlements of Tatars, military campaigns of Russian armies to Crimea: Golitsyn. Peter I, Leonteva, Miniha, Lassi.

1735-1739 - Russia in the union with Austria wages war against Turkey and occupies Crimea twice.

1768-1774 - Russian-Turkish war in which result the Crimean khanate is proclaimed independent of Turkey, in Gezleve appears Russian garrison. The city has received Russian name of Goats.

1783 - joining of Crimea to Russia with a recognition of the rights of the Russian nobility for all noble families of khanate, including karaimskih and krymchatskih. The City building of Sevastopol as centre of the Russian Black Sea fleet and Simferopol (1784) as centre of Taurian province. Goats becomes Evpatoria. Soon karaimskaja the community of Chufut-kale here moves. The city becomes the cultural centre karaimov all world.

1854-1856 – the Crimean (East) war. Bloody battles of this war occurred not only in Crimea, but on caucasus and the Far East. In Crimea have been involved hundred thousand soldiers and officers of Great Britain, France, Sardinian kingdom (part of present Italy) and Turkey against armies of Russia. The first landing and the first grandiose battle has occurred at coast of Evpatoria. Then Sevastopol became the war centre, and Saki accepted huge number of wounded men. Successes in their treatment have caused development of resort business in whole in the Russian empire. The Russian medicine became the world leader in physical methods of treatment, application of salutary forces of the nature.

1875 - end of building of the railway to Sevastopol and the basic highways opens the extensive Russian and European market for production of agriculture, wines and confectionery products. Rapid development of business, trade, the industry. Building on Southern coast of summer residences of the Imperial family and Grand dukes transforms it into an aristocratic resort. A Saksky dirt is delivered there in flanks on supplies. Their effect in treatment of cesarevitch Alexey is so good that tsar Nikolay II with tsesarevichem visit Saki and Evpatoria, meet the town governor of Evpatoria Duvanom. As a result of it to Evpatoria the railway branch is under construction. To the beginning of 20 centuries the city covers all-round economic and cultural lifting.

1918-1921 - Crimea becomes arena of severe battles of Civil war and intervention kajzerovskoj Germany, come to the end with inclusion in structure of Soviet Union (1922) with formation of the Crimean Independent Soviet Socialist Republic as a part of the Russian Federation.

1941-1944 - bloody battles of the Second World War.

on May, 18th, 1944 - mass deportation of the Crimean Tatars, and one month later - Bulgarians, Greeks, gipsies in areas of Central Asia and Siberia. Political rehabilitation in 1967 and mass returning of the deported people since 1989 (Reorganization).

on February, 4-11th, 1945 - the Crimean (Yalta) conference of heads of the governments of the USSR, the USA and Great Britain has defined a post-war peace arrangement: has made decisions on section of Germany on occupational zones and reparations, on participation of the USSR in war with Japan, about post-war system of the international safety and about United Nations creation. Planes with Churchill and Roosevelt Stalin meets in airdrome Saki-4 (novofedorovka).

1954 - Crimea becomes area as a part of Ukraine.

1971 1982 - the Crimean meetings of the Secretary general of the Central Committee of the CPSU of L.I.Brezhnev with heads of brotherly parties and the countries; rapid development of resorts and tourism; development of the heavy industry and agriculture chemicalixation creates environmental problems.

1991 - "яѕ=ё" in Moscow and M.Gorbachev's arrest on its summer residence in Forose. Disorder of Soviet Union, Crimea becomes Autonomous republic as a part of Ukraine. Disorder of the industry and collective-farm agriculture considerably improves an environment condition. Business development quickly expands the commodity market, all kinds of tourist and resort services extend, the modern enterprises for agricultural products processing, mechanical engineering, sphere of rest and entertainments are invested.

Igor Rusanov

In addition on the given theme:

Seasons and public
Transport, habitation, a food
Resort factors
the Nature and reserves

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